Labour Market
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Participation Rates
Historically, labour force participation rates in Richmond Hill have been high. As outlined in Figure 4-1, the participation rate for Richmond Hill was 71.15%, higher than the GTA and Ontario rates.

Figure 4-1: Labour Force Participation Rates Graph







Employment by Industry Sector
Richmond Hill is home to a diverse setting of employment areas which are predominantly service-oriented with service producing industries accounting for 82.1% of employment. The major Service Producing segments include: wholesale trade, business services, retail trade and personal services. All except personal services experienced increases in their share of the total distribution over the five year period ending in 2003. The Goods-Producing segments accounted for 17.8% of total employment distribution in 2003, with manufacturing and construction being the leading segments of employment distribution at 12.9% and 2.5%, respectively. Table 4-1 illustrates the employment by industry segment and rate change between 1998 and 2003 in Richmond Hill.

Table 4-1: Employment by Industry in Richmond Hill (1998 and 2003)










Employment Projections
Richmond Hill added 10,045 jobs between 1996 and 2001, representing a double digit increase of 23.2%, and placing it as the third largest employment centre with the region. While job growth was widespread in Richmond Hill, it is the business services and wholesale trade industry segments which accounted for much of the employment growth during this period. The average annual employment growth rate for York Region has been one of the highest in the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) since the mid-1980’s. In 1986, York Region had an 8% share of total employment in the GTA that jumped to 15% by 2001 as outlined in Figure 4-2.

Table 4-2: Workplace Employment in York Region






Figure 4-2: Employment by GTA Region (1986 to 2001) graph















Unemployment Rates
Figure 4-4 provides a comparison of unemployment rates between Richmond Hill, the Greater Toronto Area (GTA), the Province of Ontario and Canada.

Figure 4-3: Unemployment Rates in Richmond Hill, GTA, Ontario, and Canada graph







Labour Force Mobility
A significant number of Richmond Hill residents (15.4%) work in the municipality. However,
Richmond Hill’s labour force is highly mobile and the majority (84.6%) head off to work in the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) municipalities including other areas of York Region. Over 82% of individual trips for Richmond Hill residents is between 0 to 19 kilometres per average trip The primary form of transportation is as an automobile driver or passenger (85%) as outlined in Tables 4-3 to 4-6.

Table 4-3: Destinations of Labour Force Originating in Richmond Hill (1996 and 2002)







Table 4-4: Average Trip Distance for Richmond Hill Residents





Table 4-5: Mode of TRavel for Richmond Hill Residents








Table 4-6: Purpose of Travel for Richmond Hill Residents







Wage Rates and Unions
Richmond Hill businesses offer a range of competitive salaries as outlined in Table 4-7 outlining wage rates in York Region. The maximum weekly benefits and unemployment insurance for employees working in Ontario are noted in Table 4-8. Richmond Hill has 20 unions represented across its employment base according to the Ontario Ministry of Labour, Office of Collective Bargaining Information as of July 3, 2003.

Table 4-7: Salaries by Occupational Group, York Region Labour Market







Table 4-8: Maximum Weekly Benefits and Unemployment Insurance in Ontario





Labour Force Education Level
The Richmond Hill labour force is well educated and highly skilled. Approximately 70% of the local
labour force has some level of post secondary education, with slightly more than 42% of this population possessing a university degree. These statistics are quite impressive when compared with similar averages for the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) and Ontario. The percentage of Richmond Hill residents with university education is significantly greater than averages for the GTA and Ontario; Richmond Hill residents possess the knowledge and skills required in the new economy industries.

Figure 4-4: Education Levels of Richmond Hill Residents









Labour Force Skills Mix
Figure 4-5 highlights the skills possessed by those of the Richmond Hill labour force who have received post-secondary training. The community has a highly skilled labour force, with particular expertise in the areas of Business Administration, Engineering, Social
Sciences and Health Sciences.

Figure 4-5: Post-Secondary Education of Residents in Richomnd Hill graph








Labour Force by Occupation
As seen in Figure 4-6, a significant portion of the Richmond Hill labour force is employed in the occupations of Management, Business, Finance & Administration and Sales & Service.

Figure 4-6: Labour Force by Occupation graph







Educational Facilities - Elementary and Secondary
Public and Catholic Scools
Richmond Hill is fortunate in having ready access to some of the finest educational facilities in Canada. Primary and secondary education in Richmond Hill are governed by two school boards, The York Region District School Board (YRDSB) and The York Catholic District School Board (YCDSB).

The YRDSB manages the policies and programs for all public schools in York Region. The school board lives by one of its many motos as follows: “Unite to prepare learners for life in our changing world community”, through offering an outstanding learning environment, excellent support and resources for newcomers to Canada, and cooperative education and apprenticeship opportunities.

For more information contact the YRDSB at (416) 969-8131 or visit their website at

The YCDSB provides educational services for Catholic students at elementary and secondary school levels as well; for more information contact the YCDSB (905) 713-1211 or visit their website at

Table 4-9: Public and Catholic School Boards Enrollment in Richmond Hill





Private Schools
Richmond Hill also offers private school facilities both at the elementary and secondary school levels. There are a total of six private schools in the area, three for each respective school level.

For further information regarding any private school happenings in Richmond Hill and York Region contact Helpmate at (905) 884-3000.

Table 4-10: Private Elementary and Secondary Schools in Richmond Hill and Surrounding Area







Post Secondary Education
In Ontario there are a wide range of post secondary options for those preferring to study in this province. There are 17 universities, 25 colleges of applied arts and technology, colleges of health sciences and of art, agricultural colleges, a military college, privately funded degree-granting institutions, registered private vocational schools and many other options.
For more information on post-secondary pursuits contact the Ontario Ministry of Education at
(416) 325-2929 or visit their website at in the Ministry of Education
Training, Colleges and Universities section.

There are three universities in close proximity to Richmond Hill, that include, York University, University of Toronto and Ryerson University. All the universities offer some form of `education with an international focus’, including International Student Centres, Clubs & Societies, ESL, International Business/Economics/Relations/Development/Law, Linguistics and Cultural Study programs. In addition, the University of Toronto has a facility located in Richmond Hill, the Dunlap Observatory, which is situated on a 200 acre parkland site that is the university’s centre for astronomical research.

Table 4-11: University Enrollment Data




Richmond Hill also provides residents with a wide array of opportunities for college post-secondary education. There are four colleges closely located to Richmond Hill, that include, Seneca College, Centennial College, Humber College and George Brown College. All the colleges offer some form of `education with an international focus’, including
International Student Centres, Clubs & Societies, ESL, International Business/Economics/Training & Development Partnerships programs, Study Abroad, Travel and Tourism and Interpreter Education programs.

Furthermore, Seneca College is the largest college in Canada with eight campuses conveniently located throughout the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) including a campus located in Richmond Hill. Seneca offers a tremendous variety of class sizes and methods of
teaching - from in class lectures and online learning to co-op and field placements. With the largest business and computer faculties in the country, leading areas of study at Seneca include: biotechnology and pharmaceutical studies; business
administration; computer sciences; international business and health sciences. Seneca currently has over 1,200 dedicated faculty and staff fulfilling the needs of 15,000 full time and 90,000 part-time students. Seneca’s mission is “to provide career-related education that prepares our students to succeed in the global economy.”


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